#### CURRICULAR UNIT - MATHEMATICS I

1^{st} Year – 1^{st} Semester

#### OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

The general objectives of this initial curricular unit of Math is the review of calculus in R, the analysis, characterisation and graphical representation of real functions of real variable and the introduction to differential calculus. At the end of this unit students should acquire the following mathematical skills necessary for formulating and solving problems posed in the context of the degree:

- Correct use of vocabulary and mathematical symbol;
- Correct calculation in R, namely the resolution of linear equations and systems of linear equations using matrices;
- Knowledge of the concepts of continuity, limits and derivatives;
- Application of the study of functions and their graphs to interpretation and problem solving;
- Application of differential calculus in the study of real functions of real variable;
- Interpretation and critique of the results in the context of the problem;
- Communication of concepts, reasoning and ideas with clarity and logical rigour.

#### PROGRAM CONTENTS

ARRAYS

- Definition and properties
- Operations with matrices,
- Elementary Operations, condensation and characteristic of an array
- Application of arrays in classification and solving systems of linear equations: Gauss and Jordan

REAL FUNCTIONS OF REAL VARIABLE

- General information on real functions of real variable
- Notion of boundary (Cauchy definition and definition of Heine); lateral limits; properties and operations
- Continuous functions: definition, properties and extension by continuity
- Theorems of Bolzano, Weierstrass and the continuity of inverse function

DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS IN R

- Derivative of a function: definition and geometrical physical interpretation
- Lateral derivatives; differentiability; derivation rules; notion of differential
- Theorems of Rolle, Lagrange, Cauchy
- Cauchy and rule indeterminations
- Higher-order Derivatives
- Monotony and extremes of functions. Scoops and inflection points. Asymptotes
- Representation of the graph of a function

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - CHEMISTRY I

1^{st} Year – 1^{st} Semester

#### OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

The course of Chemistry has 4 objectives:

- to provide relevant information from chemical point of view on aspects related to the area of specialization.
- to provide comprehensive knowledge about some fundamental concepts in chemistry.
- to encourage the use of new technologies for learning.
- to allow direct contact with reagents, laboratory techniques and instrumentation.

The student should develop the following skills:

- understand the constitution of matter and the relationship between the structure of matter and its properties.
- dominate the calculations leading to the preparation of solutions and calculations of chemical and acid-base equilibrium.
- dominate the specific concepts addressed in the course.
- understand and use the relationship between research / experience / observation and knowledge.
- report and explain experimental results reporting to modern techniques and theoretical aspects discussed.

#### PROGRAM CONTENTS

1. Matter at the microscopic level

1.1. atomic theory of matter

1.2. atomic structure of atoms

2. molecules, ions and solutions

2.1. concept of molecule, ion and ionic compound

2.2. concept of mole and molar mass

2.3. solutions and concentration units

2.4. preparation of solutions and mixtures

3. chemical equilibrium

3.1. writing and balancing chemical reactions

3.2. incomplete reactions. Notion of limiting reagent and reaction yield

3.3. definition and calculation of the equilibrium constant, problems involving the equilibrium constant

4. acid-base equilibrium

4.1. concept of acid and base

4.2. concept of pH and pOH and determination the pH of the solutions

4.3. acid-base titrations. Indicators. Solving problems involving titration curves

5. oxidation-reduction equilibrium

5.1. oxidation reduction concept

5.2. oxidizing and reducing substances

5.3. electrolysis

6. organic chemistry

6.1 carbon and the covalent bond

6.2. structure of organic molecules

6.3. functional groups

6.4. electronic effects

6.5. types of organic reactions

6.6. mechanism of reaction: homolytic and heterolytic reactions

6.7. nomenclature, structure, physical properties and reactivity of alkanes and cycloalkanes, alkenes and alkines, alcohols and phenols, ethers, amines and aldehydes and ketones

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - COMPUTING I

1^{st} Year – 1^{st} Semester

#### OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

The curricular unit of Computing 1 aims at the main skills needed to the manipulation of information and communication technologies in a professional context, explaining the principal knowledge and techniques necessary for an efficient and effective use of these technologies.

At the end of the curricular unit the student should be able to produce the digital documents needed in various units across the course and in their professional lives. To this end, emphasis is given to independent and assertive use of information technologies to produce contents in digital form in particular:

- advanced use of document editor - MS-WORD
- advanced use of a spreadsheet - MS-EXCEL
- the use of a Database Management System - MS-ACCESS

#### PROGRAM CONTENTS

1. Introduction to information technology

1.1. Hardware concepts

1.2. storage formats

2. Software for the production of documents - MS-WORD

2.1. pages setup

2.2. sections

2.3. styles

2.4. images, graphics and other objects

2.5. tables

2.6. symbols, equations

2.7. references

2.8. automatic indexes

2.9. mail merge

3. Spreadsheet application - MS-EXCEL

3.1. calculation with Excel. Functions

3.2. mathematical and statistical use

3.3. charts in EXCEL

3.4. validation and data protection

3.5. integration with WORD

4. Database management software - ACCESS

4.1. Relational database model

4.2. tables and relations

4.3. queries

4.4. forms

4.5. reports

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - TECHNICAL Drawing

1^{st} Year – 1^{st} Semester

#### OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

The main purpose of Technical Drawing Curriculum unit is to improve the knowledge of the adequate representative method, considering the specificities of the theme we are dealing with.

For that purpose, students should acquire fundamental general knowledge regarding the production of technical drawings using the computer program AutoCAD and when the unit is concluded he/she should be able to:

- Distinguish and understand the designations, legends and symbols used in the technical drawings;
- Articulate the different projection systems and auxiliary views;
- Use dimensioning;
- Understand the specific methods of representations of technical drawings in architecture, civil engineering and industrial systems.

#### PROGRAM CONTENTS

- General principles of representation
- Technical drawing introduction
- AutoCAD program fundamentals
- Orthogonal projections systems
- Sections and auxiliary views
- Perspectives
- Dimensioning

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - TECHNICAL ENGLISH

1^{st} Year – 1^{st} Semester

#### OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

Objectives and competencies

Technical English has 3 objectives:

- to guarantee the indispensable basic knowledge in the areas of vocabulary and structure of the English language;
- to supply specific vocabulary related to the area of studies;
- to provide knowledge on the grammar structures and sentences relevant for the future professional area.

The student should develop the following skills:

- Participating, by listening and speaking, in dialogues typical of his/her future professional area;
- Understanding technical texts of his/her area of studies;
- Writing reports on typical situations of his/her professional area

#### PROGRAM CONTENTS

1. Vocabulary

Vocabulary relevant for the specific area of Renewable Energies, acquired in the study of real texts on topics of the professional area.

2. Language Structure/Functions

Grammar structures and relevant linguistic patterns, of common or specific use, determined by the linguistic functions appropriate to the tasks of the professional area.

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - Meteorology and Climatology

1^{st} Year – 1^{st} Semester

#### OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

This course addressed the basics of Meteorology, the relevance of Meteorological Observation, and discusses the role of Numerical Forecasting, as well as some general concepts of Climate and climate change. The practical component is focused on the analysis of charts, surveillance tools, identification of synoptic situations prone to severe weather and the basics of weather forecasting.

Meteorology and Climatology aims to provide concepts about weather (observation and prediction). This course aims to enable students the skills to interpret and diagnose the atmosphere, the phenomena that are taking place, as well as the ability to predict its evolution in the short and medium term. It is thus intended that the student will be able to prepare a weather forecast at different spatial and temporal scales, based on different meteorological products (namely from the numerical weather forecast models and nowcasting tools) and to be able to identify risk situations which could have high impact on the population and / or infrastructures.

#### PROGRAM CONTENTS

- Basic Concepts of Meteorology
- Weather Observation
- General Circulation of the Atmosphere
- Meteorological Systems and Associated Weather
- Weather Forecasting
- Meteorological Surveillance
- Climate and Climatic Variability
- Climate Change and Future Projections
- Extreme Temperatures
- Extreme Precipitation Events
- Droughts

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS FOR SUSTAINABILITY

1^{st} Year – 1^{st} Semester

#### OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

To understand the concepts and importance of environmental ethics in its connection with the concept of sustainability. To stimulate in students' individual reflection and critical analysis of problems for which environmental ethics is called, training in them the practice of research work within the scope of the topics addressed. To promote discussion and argumentative capacity on matters involving principles and values of environmental ethics and sustainability.

Upon completion of the course, the student will have reliably demonstrated his/her ability to use and / or understand the various basic concepts, motives and positions present in the contemporary environmental ethics foundation, with a view to sustainability. He or she will also have understood the history and importance of an ethics for sustainability, in its dimensions of individual and collective responsibility, which calls for its engagement and active participation.

#### PROGRAM CONTENTS

1. Introduction

1.1. The world we live in; from being in the culture (of human) to the being in history of the big human collectivity; the triad state / religion / economy

1.2. Platonic dualism and the articulation man/nature

1.3. Human action and sustainability

1.4. Fundamentals of Ethics

1.4.1. Ethics, morals and religion

1.4.2. The dimension of the acting and valuing

1.4.3. Arguments for human action; ethics and law

1.4.3.1. Deontological and professional ethics

1.4.3.2. Consequentialist ethics

1.4.3.3. “Superhuman” ethics (Nietzsche)

2. The Nature

2.1. The concepts of nature and natural

2.2. Cycles of Nature and evolution

2.3. Biodiversity

2.4. Animism, creation, protection and valorization

3. Environmental Ethics

3.1. Definitions

3.1.1. Anthropocentric ethics

3.1.2. Animal Ethics

3.1.3. Biocentrism / Ecocentrism / Ecofeminism

3.1.4. Deep Ecology

3.2. Environmental culture and perception

3.3. Commitments and environmental legislation

4. Ethics of Environmental Sustainability

4.1. Human activity and environmental pollution

4.2 Nature and environmental degradation

4.3. Natural resources

4.4 Human and environmental problems

4.5. Sustainability

4.5.1. Conceptual analysis

4.5.2. The Need to ensure sustainability

4.5.3. Models of Sustainable development

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - EARTH'S PHYSICAL-ENERGETIC DYNAMICS

1^{st} Year – 1^{st} Semester

#### OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

The curricular unit of Physical and Energetic Dynamics of the Earth has the following goals:

- to provide a general framing for the external and internal dynamics of the Land;
- to consolidate specific concepts related with the substance and the energy in different physical states;
- to introduce related slight knowledge of sustainability with the interdependencies between biogeo-chemstry processes;
- to promote the knowledge and the qualified use of the natural resources.

The student must develop the following abilities:

- to understand the structure of the planet in its mineral, aquatic, biological and atmospheric components;
- to show the transferences of energy in the internal circuits and between the Land and the external space;
- to interpret graphs, maps and statisticians of geodynamics;
- to consider measures and actions for the sustainable exploitation of the natural resources and for energy efficiency.

#### PROGRAM CONTENTS

- The Earth in the Solar System
- Structure of Atmosphere
- Elements and factors of climate
- Climates and biogeographical environments
- The Earth's internal structure
- Evolutive theories
- Seismicity
- Volcanism
- Orogenic movements
- Geochemical cycles of the lithosphere
- Meteorization

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - MATHEMATICS II

1^{st} Year – 2^{nd} Semester

#### OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

This second curricular unit of mathematics is the natural continuity of the UC Mathematics I, starting with the primitive and integral concepts in R. It follows an introduction to differential equations, in order to initiate the student in Mathematical modelling, forcing both the use and application of the concepts of differential and integral calculus. Finally, some numerical methods of solving problems are introduced, like numerical integration. At the end of this unit students should acquire the following skills:

- Correct use of Maths specific vocabulary and symbology
- Determine immediate and almost immediate primitives and apply the techniques of primitives by parts and associated with rational fractions
- Domain integral calculus in R
- Solve linear differential equations
- Construct linear, exponential and logistic mathematical models
- Apply numerical methods in solving problems
- Interpretation and critique of the results in the context of the problem
- Application of differential calculus in the study of real functions of real variable;
- Interpretation and critique of the results in the context of the problem;
- Communication of concepts, reasoning and ideas with clarity and logical rigor.

#### PROGRAM CONTENTS

INTEGRAL CALCULUS in R

- Notion of Primitive or Indefinite Integral. Immediate and almost immediate primitives.
- Primitive of rational functions are unfit. Initial value problems.
- Definite integral: definition, geometrical interpretation, Barrow formula.
- By parts method of primitive and integration.
- Applications of Integral Calculus: Calculation of mean value, flat areas, volumes of solids of revolution.

DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS (DE)

- Ordinary differential equations (ODE): classification, resolution of ODE of separable variables.
- Modeling problems.
- Resolution of ODE by method of integral factor.
- Second degree ODE.

NUMERICAL METHODS

- Solving nonlinear equations.
- Polynomial interpolation.
- Numerical integration.
- Numerical solving of ODE.

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - PHYSICS I

1st Year – 2^{nd} Semester

#### OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

The curricular unit of Physics aims to provide the students with tools for the scientific approach to a problem and simultaneously provide knowledge of the basic laws of Newtonian Mechanics.

At de and of the contact time the students would have acquired sufficient knowledge and practice in order to examine and evaluate, according with the principles and laws of Physics, situations that may occur in their daily lives.

When the have completed the curricular unit, students should be able to understand the concepts and physical principles learnt, meaning by understanding not only being able to articulate the concepts but to be able to apply them to a variety of practical problems.

#### PROGRAM CONTENTS

1. Introduction to Physics

2. Physics quantities

2.1. Fundamental and derived quantities

2.2. The international system

2.3. Significant figures

3. Kinematics of Material point

3.1. Kinematics in one dimension:

3.1.1. Concepts

3.1.2. Graphical analysis

3.1.3. Uniformly accelerated motion

3.1.4. Motion with Variable acceleration

3.2. Kinematics of 2 and 3 dimensions:

3.2.1. Concepts

3.2.2. Relative speed

3.2.3. Curvilinear motion

3.2.4. Motion Projectiles

3.2.5. Circular motion

4. Newton's laws

4.1. Newton's laws

4.2. Forces on Nature

4.2.1. Fundamental forces

4.2.2. Elastic forces

4.2.3. Tensions

4.2.4. Normal force

4.3. Force diagrams

4.4. Friction forces

4.5. Centripetal forces

4.6. Drag forces

5. Energy conservation

5.1. Wprk

5.2. Work-kinetic energy theorem

5.3. Potential energy

5.4. Conservation of mechanical energy

5.5. Energy conservation

6. Conservation of quantity of linear motion

6.1. center of mass

6.2. Conservation of linear momentum

6.3. Kinetic energy of a system

6.4. Collisions

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - CHEMISTRY II

1^{st} Year – 2^{nd} Semester

#### OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

Chemistry II has four goals: 1) Provide relevant information from a chemical standpoint on practical aspects related with the area of expertise; 2) Provide a wide-range view on fundamental chemical concepts; 3) Enhance the use of new technological learning tools; 4) Allow direct contact with reagents, techniques, and laboratory instruments.

The student should develop the following skills: 1) Deepen the understanding of matter constitution and the relationship between structure and properties; 2) Understand reaction aspects of chemical transformations; 3) Master gas laws and their use in the calculation of properties; 4) Recognize and make use of the relationships between research/experiment/observation and knowledge; 5) Communicate and explain experimental results using modern techniques and the theoretical concepts thought.

#### PROGRAM CONTENTS

1. Chemical Elements

- Orbital and electronic atom configuration
- Development, organization and systematization of the periodic table
- Periodic variation of element properties

2. Chemical Bonding

- Lewis notation. Chemical bond and octet rule
- Molecular geometry
- Polarity and electronegativity

3. Intermolecular Forces and Physical Properties of Matter

- Intermolecular forces
- Prediction of physical properties as a function of intermolecular forces. Miscibility

4. Gas State

- Pressure, ideal and real gases

5. Chemical Thermodynamics

- Enthalpy and entropy
- Thermochemistry. Heat of reaction, combustion, and explosions

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS

1^{st} Year – 2^{nd} Semester

#### OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

The Geographic Information Systems (GIS) curricular unit deals with the main competences that allow an integrated view of the principles and technologies of the area, providing students with the knowledge of the use and application of the most appropriate and current tools and techniques in the area of GIS, for solving geospatial problems from different perspectives.

At the end of the course unit the student should be able to:

- Master the specific vocabulary;
- Know the main coordinate systems used in national cartography;
- Master the techniques of acquisition and representation of spatial data;
- Build and provide thematic maps;
- Master the processes and tools for storage and management of spatial data, spatial analysis and geographic modelling;
- Collaborate in the development of innovative solutions applicable to energy, environmental and territory management;
- Apply techniques of availability and access to information of a spatial nature.

#### PROGRAM CONTENTS

1. Introduction to geographic information systems

a. The Cartographic Overview

b. Coordinate Systems

2. Implementation of a GIS

3. Geographic Information Systems (QGIS software Version 3)

a. Download and customizing the Tool

b. Spatial Analysis: select

i. Spatial Analysis Overview

ii. Attribute Selection

iii. Attribute Analysis

iv. Spatial location selection

c. Space Analysis: join

i. Union by attributes

ii. Join by spatial location

d. Space Analysis: create

i. Intersection

ii. Merge and Add

iii. Cut and Difference

iv. Buffer

v. Separate Vector Layers

vi. Join Vector Layers

vii. Statistic

e. Create New Layers

i. Create layers of different geometries

ii. Digitization (vectorization)

iii. Scanning Tools

iv. Export Information to New Layers

v. Create fields and update table

vi. Import coordinate files

f. Symbology and Composers

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - ECOLOGY OF AQUATIC AND TERRESTRIAL SYSTEMS

1^{st} Year – 2^{nd} Semester

#### OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

Goals:

- Acquire concepts of Ecology, taking into account the environment and the quality of human life;
- Have the ability to intervene in a more informed and effective way in solving or preventing environmental problems;
- Be able to analyze and study terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems;
- Know ways to protect species, habitats, nature conservation and preserve biodiversity.

Skills to acquire:

- Characterize and study terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems from a physical, chemical and biological point of view;
- Know the different interactions between living beings in terms of behavior, eating and reproductive habits as a tool to aid the study of ecosystems;
- Establish nature conservation strategies to preserve biodiversity;
- Know how to characterize the habitats of Portugal and know the species and protected habitats;
- Know how to assess biodiversity at different spatial levels and understand how human activities influence it;
- Know how to use knowledge of ecology in the management and conservation of populations and ecosystems;
- Identify sources of contamination of ecosystems with ecotoxicological effects.

PROGRAM CONTENTS

- Introduction
- Biodiversity
- Evolutionary Ecology and Population Genetics
- Population Dynamics
- Behavioral Ecology
- Communities and Ecosystems
- Terrestrial Ecology
- Freshwater ecosystems (limnology)
- Estuarine ecosystems
- Marine ecosystems
- Nature Conservation

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - BIOENERGY

1^{st} Year – 2^{nd} Semester

#### OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

This course unit enables the development of technical and technological competences within the framework of bioenergy and biorefineries, identifying and valuing the different types of biomass, biofuels and bioliquids and their respective energy uses, as well as the potential of some energy crops in terms of energy recovery.

This course unit aims to introduce general and specific concepts related to various types of Bioenergy, in order to provide an updated perspective of this theme.

It will provide relevant information about energy sources used in the primary sector, within the scope of renewable energies. It will also address the different sources of bioenergy, conversion processes, technologies and systems for energy generation, and their sustainability.

The student should be able to develop individual technical and technological competences related to the industries and services acting within the scope of energy production and management, in domains dealing with various areas, such as: Biomass and waste for energy generation; Conversion processes; Biofuels, including Hydrogen; Heat and power systems.

PROGRAM CONTENTS

1. INTRODUCTION

1.1 National and European Energy Strategies

1.2 Importance of the Bioenergy within the scope of Renewable Energies

1.3 Biomass

1.3.1 Definitions and general concepts

1.3.2 Types of biomass and characterization

1.3.3 Biomass End-Use

1.3.4 Production, Collecting and Processing

2. FUNDAMENTAL ASPECTS OF BIOMASS CONVERSION INTO ENERGY

2.1 Thermochemical and biochemical Energy Production

2.2 The Concept of Biorefinery

2.3 Thermal Power Stations

2.4 Combined Heat and Power Production

2.5 Biomass Conversion into Biofuels

2.5.1 Solid Biofuels

2.5.2 Liquid Biofuels

2.5.3 Gaseous Biofuels

3. ENERGY PLANTATIONS

3.1 Production of Potential Biomass

3.2 Types of Energy Plantations: Energy Farms and Forestry Plantations

3.3 Utilizations of Feedstocks obtained from Energy Plantations

3.4 Production, Collecting and Processing

3.5 Environmental and Socio-economic Impact of Energy Plantations

3.6 Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)

3.6.1 Sustainability Index

3.6.2 Methodologies (Standards and Procedures)

3.6.3 Energy Balance of Energy Plantations

3.6.4 Advantages and Drawbacks

4. FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF SUSTAINABILITY ASSESSMENT IN BIOENERGY

4.1 Resource Availability

4.2 Sustainability Criteria

4.3 Certification of Biofuels

5. CASE STUDIES AND APPLICATIONS

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - MATHEMATICS III

2^{nd} Year – 1^{st} Semester

#### OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

This Mathematics curricular unit (CU) aims to obtain the fundamental knowledge of differential and integral multivariable calculus, understood as skills necessary to formulate and solve problems in the scope of engineering.

PROGRAM CONTENTS

- Correct use of vocabulary and mathematical symbology;
- Correct domain of calculation of determinants and their properties;
- Domain in the calculation of values and proper vectors of a matrix and its applications;
- Correct domain of the calculation in R, namely the differential and integral calculus;
- Interpretation and critique of the results in the context of the problem;
- Communication of concepts, reasoning and ideas with clarity and logical rigor.

1. Determinants

1.1. Definition, calculation and properties of the determinant

1.2. Principal determinant method. Laplace's theorem.

1.3. Calculation of the inverse matrix from the attached one.

1.4. Rule of Cramer, Rouché Theorem

2. Values and eigenvectors of an endomorphism

2.1. Definition

2.2. Characteristic polynomial

2.3. Calculation of the values and eigenvectors of a matrix

2.4. Diagonalization

3. Differential calculation in R

3.1. Introduction to R

3.2. Scalar, partial derivatives, directional and gradient fields

3.3. Hessian matrix and stationarity points

4. Integrals in R

4.1. Representation, parameterization and domain of scalar fields

4.2. Double integrals of scalar fields. Fubini's theorem

4.3. Change of limits of integration and of variable in double integrals

4.4 Triple integrals of scalar fields

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - PHYSICS II

2^{nd} Year – 1^{st} Semester

#### OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

The discipline of Physics II aims to provide students with tools for the scientific approach to a problem and at the same time to teach the concepts of applied Solids and Fluids Mechanics as well as Thermodynamics. The unit is designed to be a continuation of Physics l taught in the previous semester, which was an introduction to the study of physics with the foundations of mechanics.

At the end of the contact time the students should have sufficient knowledge and practice in order to examine and evaluate situations that occur in their daily lives, according to the principles and laws of physics.

When they have completed the curricular unit, students should be able to understand the concepts and physical principles taught, meaning by understanding not only being able to articulate them but also to be able to apply them to a variety of practical problems.

#### PROGRAM CONTENTS

1. ROTATION

1.1 Angular Kinematics

1.2. Moment of inertia

1.3. Newton's second law

1.4 Angular momentum

1.5 Torque

2. STATIC EQUILIBRIUM

2.1 Equilibrium

2.2 Elasticity

2.3 Flexibility

2.4 Torsion

2.5 Compressibility

3. FLUID'S STATIC

3.1 Pressure

3.2 Pascal's principle

3.3 Boyle-Mariotte's Law

3.4 Archimedean Principle

3.5 Compressibility

4 FLUID’S DYNAMIC

4.1 Steady flow

4.2 Bernoulli's Theorem

4.3 Torricelli's Theorem

4.4 Viscosity

4.5 Flow Regimes

5. INTERMOLECULAR FORCES

5.1 Intermolecular forces

5.2 Surface tension

5.3 Capillarity

6. KINETIC THEORY OF GASES

6.1 Thermal equilibrium

6.2 Absolute scale

6.3 Kinetic theory

7. FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

7.1 Thermal Capacity

7.2 Change of Phase

7.3 Work and the PV diagram

8. SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

8.1 Thermal Machines

8.2 Coolers

8.3 Thermal Pumps

9. THERMAL PROCESSES

9.1 thermal expansion

9.2 Phase diagrams

9.3 Heat transfer

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS

2^{nd} Year – 1^{st }Semester

#### OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

With this curricular unit (CU) students should get fluent in descriptive, analytical and inferential statistical analysis, using hypothesis testing (parametric and non-parametric) in decision support and developing critical sense in the analysis of the results obtained. This CU also aims at illustrating the most important concepts about Probability, Combinatory and Reliability.

At the end of this CU students should have the following skills:

- determine the probability of an event
- identify and select a sample of a given population
- develop the capacity of processing and data analysis
- critically apply statistical methods in different contexts
- formulate and test hypotheses, choosing the most appropriate hypothesis testing to decision-making
- use a statistical computer tool
- critically analysis indicators and statistical parameters
- compare different approaches

#### PROGRAM CONTENTS

STATISTICS

- Population and sample
- Sampling techniques
- Measurement scales
- Data treatment; outliers

DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS

- Measures of central tendency, dispersion and position
- Frequency distribution; histograms, charts, and contingency tables
- PROBABILITY
- Introduction and fundamental concepts
- Counting techniques
- Definition of probability
- Conditional probability and Independence
- Law of total probabilities and Bayes’ Theorem
- Important discrete and continuous distributions

INFERENTIAL STATISTICAL

- Estimation and confidence intervals
- Hypothesis testing
- Parametric and non-parametric tests
- Comparison of averages: Student's t-test
- Chi-square test
- Correlation
- Linear regression

COMPUTER DATA PROCESSING

- Introduction to Excel

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - ELECTRICITY

2^{nd} Year – 1^{st }Semester

#### OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

The Electricity Curricular Unit has 5 objectives:

- provide relevant information in the area of electricity.
- provide expertise on issues related to area of expertise.
- provide tools for analysis and design of electrical circuit.
- to provide direct contact with electrical components and instrumentation on laboratory.
- provide a general understanding about booth generation system and power distribution systems.

The student should develop the following skills:

- understand the main features of the electrical systems
- know the calculations of electrical circuit analysis
- to know the electrical power and electrical equipment associated with the generation
- communicate and explain the sources of power generation, circuit analysis and electrical equipment connected to power generation, making use of the theoretical aspects and expertise acquired out in the laboratory
- communicate and explain generation, transformation and distribution of electrical power.

#### PROGRAM CONTENTS

1. Fundamentals of electricity

- fundamental theory of electricity
- terminology
- types of components

2. Direct current

- characteristics
- power sources and linear components
- ideal vs. Real components
- Ohm's law
- linear components associations

3. Resistive networks

- circuit analysis methods
- Kirchoff's laws
- Norton and Thévenins theorems
- superposition theorem
- power and principle of energy conservation

4. Alternating current

- sinusoidal waves
- main concepts and characteristics
- AC circuits

5. Inductive circuits

- coils
- characteristics and inductive circuits analysis
- time response

6. Capacitive circuits

- capacitors
- characteristics and capacitive circuits analysis
- time response

7. RLC circuits

- impedance and complex power calculation
- RLC circuits characteristics and analysis
- time and frequency response
- filters
- power factor compensation

8. Electric machines

- transformers
- DC generators and motors
- AC generators and motors

9. Aircraft power generation and distribution systems

- principles, standards, electrical systems installations and maintenance
- Power conversion and distribution

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - Fluid Mechanics

2^{nd} Year – 1^{st }Semester

#### OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

The CU of Fluid Mechanics has the general purpose to provide competencies for students in the fluid mechanics matters: The main objectives are to provide relevant information and knowledge about: 1) Fundamentals of Fluids 2) Numerical and differentials tools applicable 3) Properties of fluids 4) Statics of fluids 5) Types of flow 6) Principles of conservation of mass, momentum and energy 7) flow around objects 8) Resistance forces, aerodynamic drag and lift 9) Compressible flow.

In the development of their skills, the student should be able to: 1) Characterize properties of fluids 2) Calculate hydrostatic forces 3) Identify the type of flow 4) Apply the equations of energy 5) calculate the forces due to the fluids in motion 6) Calculate the power of a turbo machinery 7) Calculate drag and lift 8) Characterize the one-dimensional compressible flow with or without change in area.

#### PROGRAM CONTENTS

1. Introduction

1.1 Fluids

1.2 Properties. Viscosity

1.3 Newtonian fluids

1.4 Gases under pressure. Mach number

2. Fluid statics

2.1 Pressure variation

2.2 Forces submerged surfaces

2.3 Buoyancy and stability

3. Kinematics of fluids

3.1 Steady and varied flow. Laminar and turbulent flows

3.2 Flow streamlines

3.3 Equation of continuity

4. Equation of energy

4.1 Bernoulli’s equation

4.2 Head loss

4.3 Bernoulli‘s equation generalized

4.4 Speed measure, Pitot and Venturi

5. Conservation of the quantity of movement

5.1 Quantity of movement

5.2 Forces on solid surfaces

6. Fluid flows about immersed bodies

6.1 Forces and coefficient of resistance

7. External flows

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Drag and lift

8. Compressible Flow

8.1 Introduction. Speed of sound

8.2 Adiabatic and Isentropic steady flow

8.3 The normal shock-wave

8.4 Compressible duct flow

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENTS TOOLS

2^{nd }Year – 1^{st} Semester

#### OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

Theory and tools for the definition and implementation of environmental management systems, which includes resource management and costs associated to the value chain of a product and / or service. Use of management instruments at the level of product or service, or at corporate level and information on existing sustainability indexes in the market, associated requirements and the value they represent to investors.

In addition, convey the relevant role that environmental management tools have on the management of resources and costs associated to the value chain of a product and / or service, as well as the impact it has on the reputation of a trade mark or enterprise. Various models and will be presented related to various applications and the students will be involved in the formulation of environmental strategies. promoting the debate regarding on these issues based on specific projects and case studies.

The student should be able to develop skills individual competences related to the utilization of quality and environmental management tools as well as communication skills related to an active participation in projects interaction with various stakeholders, assuming continuous improvement at all times with regard to efficiency, efficacy and image in actions taken.

#### PROGRAM CONTENTS

1. Introduction

1.1. Scope and relevance of Environmental Management Systems

1.2. Environmental Management Tools: fundamentals aspects and definitions

1.3. Instruments used in Environmental Management

1.4. Footprint

1.4.1. Ecological footprint

1.4.2. Water Footprint

1.4.3. Carbon Footprint

2. Sustainable production and consumption

2.1. Definition

2.2. Resource management - Eco-efficiency

2.3. market and fiscal Instruments

2.4. management at the Product and the service level

2.5. Ecodesign

2.6. Eco-label

2.7. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)

3. Environmental Management Systems

3.1. Basic principles

3.2. Aspects related to standards

3.3. Corporate Management

3.4. Communication

3.5. Marketing

4. Indicators and Sustainability

4.1. Sustainability reports

4.2. Social responsability

4.3. Indicators

4.3.1. “KPI” - Key Performance Index

4.3.2. Market Sustainability Indexes

4.3.3. Dow Jones Sustainability Index

4.3.4. “FTSE4” - Good Sustainability Index

4.3.5. “SAM” - Corporate Susteinability Assessment

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - ELECTRONICS, CONTROL AND AUTOMATION

2^{nd} Year – 2^{nd} Semester

#### OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

The course of Electronics Control and Automation has six objectives:

- to provide relevant information in the area of basic electronic and control systems.
- to introduce to the student’s general concepts of control and automation systems.
- to provide specific knowledge on issues related to the area of expertise.
- to provide tools for analysis of electronic components.
- to provide direct contact with electronic components, control systems and instrumentation on laboratory.
- to provide general knowledge about both electronic and control systems used on aircraft.

The student should develop the following skills:

- to understand the main features of the electronic components and control systems.
- to understand how different architectures of control system work and how they can be dimensioned.
- to know the calculations of electronic component circuit analysis.
- to know the applications of electronic components and control systems.
- to communicate and to explain electronic component circuits analysis, making use of the theoretical aspects and the experience gained in the laboratory.
- to communicate and explain both electronic and control systems used on aircraft.

#### PROGRAM CONTENTS

1. RLC circuits

1.1 Circuit discrete components

1.2. Circuit analysis methods

1.2.1. Kirchoff's laws

1.2.2. Superposition method

1.3. Passive filters

1.4. Time Response

2. The Operational Amplifiers (OPAMPs)

2.1. The ideal model and the real model

2.2. Introduction to operation and function

2.3. The usual types of circuits

2.3.1. Introduction to the feedback concept

2.4. Active filters

3. Electronic components

3.1. The physical structure of semiconductor

3.2. Diodes

3.2.1. Diode Models

3.2.2. Zener diode

3.2.3. Light-emitting diode (LED)

3.2.4. Circuits using diodes

3.3 Transistors

3.3.1. Bipolar Junction Transistors

3.3.2. BJT Circuits

3.4. Integrated circuits

4. Control Systems

4.1. The dynamics

4.2. Control of Systems

4.3. Classical controllers

4.4. Types and characteristics of controllers

4.5. Servomechanisms

5. Automation

5.1. Cable automation

5.2. Automaton structure

5.3. Interface technologies

5.4. Programming languages

6. Processors and Microcontrollers

6.1. General concepts processors

6.2. Applications

6.3. Arduino applications

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - APPLIED THERMODYNAMICS

2^{nd} Year – 2^{nd} Semester

#### OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

This course aims for the preparation of the students for the comprehension of complex systems they will operate and maintain during their professional life, in the areas of renewable energies, environment and heat systems. The course introduces and applies the fundamental concepts of classical macroscopic thermodynamics:

- The study of the thermodynamically properties and energy conversion processes in physical systems;
- The behavior of the atmosphere’s thermodynamic characteristics.
- The 1
^{st}and 2^{nd}Law of Thermodynamics applied to open and closed systems. - The analysis of heat engine cycles, heat pumps and refrigerators.
- Differences between ideal power cycles and real cycles found in industry are discussed.

Satisfactory completion of the course should demonstrate that students have acquired the ability to apply their knowledge to common situations, and to solve problems with an analytical and critical attitude.

PROGRAM CONTENTS

1. Fundamental Concepts:

- Open, closed and isolated systems
- Properties
- Equilibrium states
- State Postulate
- Processes and Cycles

2. Properties of a substance:

- Conduction
- Convection
- Radiation
- Radiative balance
- Black Body Law
- Stefan Boltzman's Law
- Wien's Law

3. 1^{st} law of thermodynamics:

- State of a gaseous system
- Equilibrium level
- Polytropic expansion
- Polytropic index
- Potential temperature

4- 1^{st} law of thermodynamics for control volumes

- Specific gas constant
- Specific humidity
- Mixing ratio
- Steam pressure
- Saturation pressure
- Clausius Equation – Clapeyron
- Condensation level

5- 2^{nd} law of thermodynamics

- Fundamental considerations in power cycle analysis
- Stirling and Ericsson Cycles
- Brayton Cycle
- Rankine Cycle

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - CLIMATE CHANGE

2^{nd} Year – 2^{nd} Semester

#### OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

The objective of this curricular unit is to provide students with the necessary knowledge to understand and analyze the atmosphere, its composition and the importance of the natural greenhouse effect for the Earth's climate. Identify the factors involved in climate regulation, evidence of human influence on fluctuations in global warming, their causes, consequences and future impacts. Identify efforts to resolve the climate crisis, namely measures and strategies to mitigate and adapt to the impacts of climate change.

It is intended that students develop skills in the area of climate change, firmly grounded in knowledge, which will allow them to intervene in the future in the definition of strategies for mitigation and adaptation to global change.

#### PROGRAM CONTENTS

1. Basics of meteorology and climatology

1.1. Characteristics and composition of the atmosphere

1.2. General circulation of the atmosphere

2. The climate system

2.1. Understanding the climate system

2.2. History of Earth's climate and analysis of the main causes of its climate variability

2.3. Components of the climate system: the oceans, the cryosphere, the biosphere and the lithosphere

2.4. Ocean-atmosphere interactions

2.5. Carbon cycle

3. Drivers of climate change

3.1. Radiative forcing

3.2. Greenhouse effect

4. Impacts of climate change

4.1. Impacts on ecosystems, built spaces and health

4.2. Recent observations of climate change in the atmosphere, cryosphere and ocean

4.3. Scenarios and numerical simulation of future climate change on a global and regional scale

4.4. Uncertainties involved in climate scenarios

5. Mitigation and adaptation to climate change

6. Energy transition and its implication in climate change

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - Hydroelectric and Marine Renewable Energies

2^{nd} Year – 2^{nd} Semester

#### OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

The curricular unit aims to demonstrate the great importance of the hydro and ocean resources for electric power generation. The evaluation and quantification of the available resource (hydro and ocean) and the sizing of the systems according to the technological constraints, that are capable of delivering the best possible conversion efficiency, are the key objectives of the curricular unit. The most emergent type of hydrokinetic exploitation in engineering is addressed, which aims to boost the energy of waves and tides.

General concepts of hydraulics and hydrology are presented as basic scientific modules for further development under hydropower framework, as well as sustainability guidelines that should stand as constrains along with economical analysis.

In this way the user of this hydro-energy unit will gather expertise enabling him to mobilize each site’s available yield into power generation economically optimized according to environmental constrains.

#### PROGRAM CONTENTS

- Introduction to Hydrology
- Hydrostatics
- Energy
- Energy Utilization of Fluvial Systems
- Marine Hydraulics
- Energetic Use of Maritime Systems

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - Environmental Pollution

2^{nd} Year – 2^{nd} Semester

#### OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

The Environmental Pollution aims to make students aware of the main types and agents of pollution that act in each of the environmental compartments, as well as providing tools that allow them to understand the effects of pollutants on the environment, prevent their proliferation and find ways to remedy them. It is also intended to provide knowledge on the production of solid waste and its implication in the various environmental compartments.

#### PROGRAM CONTENTS

1. Definition of pollution

1.1 Categories and types of pollution

1.2 Main effects of pollution

1.3 Pollution prevention

1.4 Main Portuguese and European legislation on the environment

2. Atmospheric pollution

2.1 Types and Sources of Atmospheric Pollutants

2.2 Concentration and dispersion of pollutants

2.3. Effects of air pollutants on health

2.4 Control and treatment of gaseous effluents

3. Water pollution

3.1 Notion of water quality

3.2 Water resources and water needs

3.2 Contamination of inland waters and marine waters

3.3 Water supply and wastewater treatment processes

3.4 Use of treated wastewater

4. Soil pollution

5.1 Classification and production of waste

5.2 Urban solid waste

5.3 Industrial waste

5.4 Hospital waste

5.5 Other types of waste

5.6 Waste handling and processing

5. Solid waste

5.1. Challenges and threats

5.2. Scenarios and prospective views

6. Noise Pollution

6.1 Sound pressure levels

6.2 Sources of noise pollution

6.3 Effects of noise pollution on health

6.4 Control of noise pollution

7. Other types of pollution

7.1 Invasive species

7.2 Light pollution

7.3 Radioactive contamination

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - SOLAR THERMAL AND PHOTOVOLTAIC ENERGY

3^{rd} Year – 1^{st} Semester

#### OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

“Solar Thermal and Photovoltaic Energy" has two objectives: 1) Additional scientific training with expertise that enables the understanding of all aspects of the use of solar energy in the two areas outlined, 2) Provide technical expertise, methodologies and procedures for the design, planning and construction of equipment and systems for solar energy production in those same areas.

The student should develop the following skills: 1) Understanding the phenomenology inherent to the processes of propagation and uptake of solar energy, 2) Understanding the operating principles of different types of conversion and use of solar energy, 3) Knowing in detail, the establishment and operation of major equipment and systems solar energy conversion, 4) Knowing how to define, measure and evaluate the performance of such equipment.

#### PROGRAM CONTENTS

1. Introduction to Solar Energy:

- Description of the Sun, the basics of Solar Physics, Radiation;
- Heat transfer basics;
- Solar Radiation and statistics;
- Solar geometry.

2. Solar Thermal:

- Introduction to solar thermal energy, forms of funding;
- Collectors type: Plan;
- Collectors type: CPC, Hub, concentrators;
- Funding large-scale solar, solar power plants;
- Sizing of solar thermal home systems and industry-size systems.

3. Solar Photovoltaic:

- Introduction to semiconductors;
- Photovoltaic cells: materials and applied physics;
- Manufacturing technologies;
- Applied concepts of electrical engineering;
- Instrumentation and electronics;
- Photovoltaic panels, types and specifications;
- Photovoltaic installations, domestic and industrial;
- Production of photovoltaic solar energy;
- Photovoltaic solar power plants;
- Sizing of industrial and domestic PV plants.

4. POLICY AND REGULATORY INSTRUMENTS AND THEIR INTEGRATION

- Non-conventional applications (General);
- Passive use of solar energy.

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - Circular Economy

3^{rd} Year – 1^{st} Semester

#### OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

“Solar Thermal and Photovoltaic Energy" has two objectives: 1) Additional scientific training with expertise that enables the understanding of all aspects of the use of solar energy in the two areas outlined, 2) Provide technical expertise, methodologies and procedures for the design, planning and construction of equipment and systems for solar energy production in those same areas.

The student should develop the following skills: 1) Understanding the phenomenology inherent to the processes of propagation and uptake of solar energy, 2) Understanding the operating principles of different types of conversion and use of solar energy, 3) Knowing in detail, the establishment and operation of major equipment and systems solar energy conversion, 4) Knowing how to define, measure and evaluate the performance of such equipment.

#### PROGRAM CONTENTS

- Cyclic flow of materials. Concepts and classifications
- Flow of energy
- Value flow of circular economy
- Implementation of circular economy
- Potentials and Challenges for a Circular Economy
- Eco-design
- The Future of Circular Economy and Zero Waste

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - Energy storage and smart grids

3^{rd} Year – 1^{st} Semester

#### OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

This curricular unit aims to present the energy issues of the 21st century, the systems and technologies of energy storage and distribution, as well as their management and control. This curricular unit also aims to address the future production and use of energy, as well as its integration into the grid.

#### PROGRAM CONTENTS

1. Energy Storage Systems and Technologies

1.1 Physical systems (gravitational, pneumatic, and kinetic)

1.2 Electrical systems (magnetic, capacitive, electrochemical, fuel cells)

1.3 Mobile energy storage systems

2. Introduction to the smart grid concept

2.1 Comparison between conventional power grid and smart grid

2.2 Smart grid infrastructure

2.3 Interoperability Standards of Smart Grids

2.4 Smart grid communication and cyber-security system

2.5 Application of the smart grid concept in distribution networks

3. Smart grid systems and electrical energy storage

3.1 Integration of different electrical energy production and storage systems, smart grid systems

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - Environmental and Energy Management Policies

3^{rd} Year – 2^{nd} Semester

#### OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

The curricular unit Environmental and Energy Management Policies has 5 objectives:

- Provide an updated overview of the energy dependence of today’s society, worldwide and at European and national levels;
- Transfer basic knowledge related to the interaction between energy and the environment from resource exploitation to the production and use of energy;
- Develop basic concepts for formulation of strategies and of methodologies leading to policy implementation;
- Disseminate policy instruments used when implementing environmental and energy management policies at international level as well as regional and national levels, how articulation is performed with these, and with those for sustainability;
- Forecast future energy policies.

The student should develop the following skills:

- Knowledge and understanding of the main energy sources and stakeholders;
- Knowledge and understanding of the most significant impacts of different energy models;
- Knowledge of the basic principles to design a strategy and the relevant factors to consider in its implementation;
- Knowledge and understanding of the main instruments used for implementing environmental and energy policies, objectives and how they should be articulated with other policies;
- Recognize the main challenges of the energy sector to be able to contribute to the implementation of more environmental and social responsible strategies.

#### PROGRAM CONTENTS

1. Overview of the energy situation at the World level and European and National

1.1. Energy sources

1.2. Consumer sector

1.3. Trends and strategies looking into the future c

2. Environmental consequences of energy production and use

2.1. Greenhouse gases’ emissions

2.2. Air pollution

2.3. Other environmental impacts of energy production

2.4. Climate change at global, regional, and local scales

3. Basic concepts for formulation of a strategy

3.1. Definition and establishment of targets and objectives

3.2. Public policies and their articulation

3.3. Environmental and energy-based enterprises’ strategies

3.4. Implementation and monitoring strategies’ efficacity

4. Policy and regulatory instruments and their integration

4.1. World framework and international agreements

4.2. European framework, European initiatives and directives

4.3. National strategies and action plans

4.4. Articulation with other sustainability instruments

4.5. Examples of environmental and energy management policies in diverse sectors and how these can be articulated for application

5. Perspectives for future energy policies

5.1. Challenges and threats

5.2. Scenarios and prospective views