#### CURRICULAR UNIT - MATHEMATICS I

**Academic Year**: 2020 / 2021

1st Year – 1st Semester

Código UC nº 8522101

OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

The general objectives of this initial curricular unit of Math is the review of calculus in R, the analysis, characterisation and graphical representation of real functions of real variable and the introduction to differential calculus. At the end of this unit students should acquire the following mathematical skills necessary for formulating and solving problems posed in the context of the degree:

- - Correct use of vocabulary and mathematical symbol;
- - Correct calculation in R, namely the resolution of linear equations and systems of linear equations using matrices;
- - Knowledge of the concepts of continuity, limits and derivatives;
- - Application of the study of functions and their graphs to interpretation and problem solving;
- - Application of differential calculus in the study of real functions of real variable;
- - Interpretation and critique of the results in the context of the problem;
- - Communication of concepts, reasoning and ideas with clarity and logical rigour.

PROGRAM CONTENTS

ARRAYS

- - Definition and properties
- - Operations with matrices,
- - Elementary Operations, condensation and characteristic of an array
- - Application of arrays in classification and solving systems of linear equations: Gauss and Jordan

REAL FUNCTIONS of REAL VARIABLE

- - General information on real functions of real variable
- - Notion of boundary (Cauchy definition and definition of Heine); lateral limits; properties and operations
- - Continuous functions: definition, properties and extension by continuity
- - Theorems of Bolzano, Weierstrass and the continuity of inverse function

DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS in R

- - Derivative of a function: definition and geometrical physical interpretation
- - Lateral derivatives; differentiability; derivation rules; notion of differential
- - Theorems of Rolle, Lagrange, Cauchy
- - Cauchy and rule indeterminations
- - Higher-order Derivatives
- - Monotony and extremes of functions. Scoops and inflection points. Asymptotes
- - Representation of the graph of a function

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - CHEMISTRY

**Academic Year**: 2020 / 2021

1st Year – 1st Semester

Código UC nº 8522102

OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

The course of Chemistry has 4 objectives:

- 1- to provide relevant information from chemical point of view on aspects related to the area of specialization.
- 2- to provide comprehensive knowledge about some fundamental concepts in chemistry.
- 3- to encourage the use of new technologies for learning.
- 4- to allow direct contact with reagents, laboratory techniques and instrumentation.

The student should develop the following skills:

- 1- understand the constitution of matter and the relationship between the structure of matter and its properties.
- 2- dominate the calculations leading to the preparation of solutions and calculations of chemical and acid-base equilibrium.
- 3- dominate the specific concepts addressed in the course.
- 4- understand and use the relationship between research / experience / observation and knowledge.
- 5- report and explain experimental results reporting to modern techniques and theoretical aspects discussed.

PROGRAM CONTENTS

1. Matter at the microscopic level

- 1.1. atomic theory of matter
- 1.2. atomic structure of atoms

2. molecules, ions and solutions

- 2.1. concept of molecule, ion and ionic compound
- 2.2. concept of mole and molar mass
- 2.3. solutions and concentration units
- 2.4. preparation of solutions and mixtures

3. chemical equilibrium

- 3.1. writing and balancing chemical reactions
- 3.2. incomplete reactions. Notion of limiting reagent and reaction yield
- 3.3. definition and calculation of the equilibrium constant, problems involving the equilibrium constant

4. acid-base equilibrium

- 4.1. concept of acid and base
- 4.2. concept of pH and pOH and determination the pH of the solutions
- 4.3. acid-base titrations. Indicators. Solving problems involving titration curves

5. oxidation-reduction equilibrium

- 5.1. oxidation reduction concept
- 5.2. oxidizing and reducing substances
- 5.3. electrolysis

6. organic chemistry

- 6.1 carbon and the covalent bond
- 6.2. structure of organic molecules
- 6.3. functional groups
- 6.4. electronic effects
- 6.5. types of organic reactions
- 6.6. mechanism of reaction: homolytic and heterolytic reactions
- 6.7. nomenclature, structure, physical properties and reactivity of alkanes and cycloalkanes, alkenes and alkines, alcohols and phenols, ethers, amines and aldehydes and ketones

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - COMPUTING I

**Academic Year**: 2020 / 2021

1st Year – 1st Semester

Código UC nº 8522103

OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

The curricular unit of Computing 1 aims at the main skills needed to the manipulation of information and communication technologies in a professional context, explaining the principal knowledge and techniques necessary for an efficient and effective use of these technologies.

At the end of the curricular unit the student should be able to produce the digital documents needed in various units across the course and in their professional lives. To this end, emphasis is given to independent and assertive use of information technologies to produce contents in digital form in particular:

- - advanced use of document editor - MS-WORD
- - advanced use of a spreadsheet - MS-EXCEL
- - the use of a Database Management System - MS-ACCESS

PROGRAM CONTENTS

1. Introduction to information technology

- 1.1. Hardware concepts
- 1.2. storage formats

2. Software for the production of documents - MS-WORD

- 2.1. pages setup
- 2.2. sections
- 2.3. styles
- 2.4. images, graphics and other objects
- 2.5. tables
- 2.6. symbols, equations
- 2.7. references
- 2.8. automatic indexes
- 2.9. mail merge

3. Spreadsheet application - MS-EXCEL

- 3.1. calculation with Excel. Functions
- 3.2. mathematical and statistical use
- 3.3. charts in EXCEL
- 3.4. validation and data protection
- 3.5. integration with WORD

4. Database management software - ACCESS

- 4.1. Relational database model
- 4.2. tables and relations
- 4.3. queries
- 4.4. forms
- 4.5. reports

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - TECHNICAL ENGLISH

**Academic Year**: 2020 / 2021

1st Year – 1st Semester

Código UC nº 8522104

OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

Objectives and competencies

Technical English has 3 objectives:

- - to guarantee the indispensable basic knowledge in the areas of vocabulary and structure of the English language.
- - to supply specific vocabulary related to the area of studies.
- - to provide knowledge on the grammar structures and sentences relevant for the future professional area.

The student should develop the following skills:

- - participating by listening and speaking, in dialogues typical of his/her future professional area.
- - understanding technical texts of his/her area of studies.
- - writing reports on typical situations of his/her professional area.

PROGRAM CONTENTS

1. Vocabulary

Vocabulary relevant for the specific area of Renewable Energies, acquired in the study of real texts on topics of the professional area.

2. Language Structure/Functions

Grammar structures and relevant linguistic patterns, of common or specific use, determined by the linguistic function appropriate to the professional area.

Tenses (Form/Use)

- - Present Simple
- - Present Cont./Past Cont.
- - Past Simple versus Present Perfect / Pres. Perf. Continuous
- - Past Perf.
- - Future / Future Perfect
- - Conditional / Cond. Perfect.
- - Gerund
- - Infinitive / Inf. Perfect / Inf. Continuous

The Passive – All Tenses

Subordinate clauses

- - Time
- - If-clauses
- - Final clauses

Modals:

- - Obligation / Negative command
- - Ability
- - Permission
- - Assumption, Possibility, Advice

Adjectives / Adverbs

- - Positive
- - Comparative
- - Superlative

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS FOR SUSTAINABILITY

**Academic Year**: 2020 / 2021

1st Year – 1st Semester

Código UC nº 8522105

OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

To understand the concepts and importance of environmental ethics in its connection with the concept of sustainability. To stimulate in students' individual reflection and critical analysis of problems for which environmental ethics is called, training in them the practice of research work within the scope of the topics addressed. To promote discussion and argumentative capacity on matters involving principles and values of environmental ethics and sustainability.

Upon completion of the course, the student will have reliably demonstrated his/her ability to use and / or understand the various basic concepts, motives and positions present in the contemporary environmental ethics foundation, with a view to sustainability. He or she will also have understood the history and importance of an ethics for sustainability, in its dimensions of individual and collective responsibility, which calls for its engagement and active participation.

PROGRAM CONTENTS

1. Introduction

- 1.1. The world we live in; from being in the culture (of human) to the being in history of the big human collectivity; the triad state / religion / economy
- 1.2. Platonic dualism and the articulation man/nature
- 1.3. Human action and sustainability
- 1.4. Fundamentals of Ethics
- 1.4.1. Ethics, morals and religion
- 1.4.2. The dimension of the acting and valuing
- 1.4.3. Arguments for human action; ethics and law
- 1.4.3.1. Deontological and professional ethics
- 1.4.3.2. Consequentialist ethics
- 1.4.3.3. “Superhuman” ethics (Nietzsche)

2. The Nature

- 2.1. The concepts of nature and natural
- 2.2. Cycles of Nature and evolution
- 2.3. Biodiversity
- 2.4. Animism, creation, protection and valorization

3. Environmental Ethics

- 3.1. Definitions
- 3.1.1. Anthropocentric ethics
- 3.1.2. Animal Ethics
- 3.1.3. Biocentrism / Ecocentrism / Ecofeminism
- 3.1.4. Deep Ecology
- 3.2. Environmental culture and perception
- 3.3. Commitments and environmental legislation

4. Ethics of Environmental Sustainability

- 4.1. Human activity and environmental pollution
- 4.2 Nature and environmental degradation
- 4.3. Natural resources
- 4.4 Human and environmental problems
- 4.5. Sustainability
- 4.5.1. Conceptual analysis
- 4.5.2. The Need to ensure sustainability
- 4.5.3. Models of Sustainable development

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - EARTH'S PHYSICAL-ENERGETIC DYNAMICS

**Academic Year**: 2020 / 2021

1st Year – 1st Semester

Código UC nº 8522106

OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

The curricular unit of Physical and Energetic Dynamics of the Earth has the following goals:

- 1) to provide a general framing for the external and internal dynamics of the Land;
- 2) to consolidate specific concepts related with the substance and the energy in different physical states;
- 3) to introduce related slight knowledge of sustainability with the interdependencies between biogeo-chemstry processes;
- 4) to promote the knowledge and the qualified use of the natural resources.

The student must develop the following abilities:

- 1) to understand the structure of the planet in its mineral, aquatic, biological and atmospheric components;
- 2) to show the transferences of energy in the internal circuits and between the Land and the external space;
- 3) to interpret graphs, maps and statisticians of geodynamics;
- 4) to consider measures and actions for the sustainable exploitation of the natural resources and for energy efficiency.

PROGRAM CONTENTS

- 1. The Earth in the Solar System
- 2. Structure of Atmosphere
- 3. Elements and factors of climate
- 4. Climates and biogeographical environments
- 5. The Earth's internal structure
- 6. Evolutive theories
- 7. Seismicity
- 8. Volcanism
- 9. Orogenic movements
- 10. Geochemical cycles of the lithosphere
- 11. Meteorization

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - MATHEMATICS II

**Academic Year**: 2020 / 2021

1st Year – 2nd Semester

Código UC nº 8522107

OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

This second curricular unit of mathematics is the natural continuity of the UC Mathematics I, starting with the primitive and integral concepts in R. It follows an introduction to differential equations, in order to initiate the student in Mathematical modelling, forcing both the use and application of the concepts of differential and integral calculus. Finally, some numerical methods of solving problems are introduced, like numerical integration. At the end of this unit students should acquire the following skills:

- - Correct use of Maths specific vocabulary and symbology
- - Determine immediate and almost immediate primitives and apply the techniques of primitives by parts and associated with rational fractions
- - Domain integral calculus in R
- - Solve linear differential equations
- - Construct linear, exponential and logistic mathematical models
- - Apply numerical methods in solving problems
- - Interpretation and critique of the results in the context of the problem
- - Application of differential calculus in the study of real functions of real variable;
- - Interpretation and critique of the results in the context of the problem;
- - Communication of concepts, reasoning and ideas with clarity and logical rigor.

PROGRAM CONTENTS

INTEGRAL CALCULUS in R

- Notion of Primitive or Indefinite Integral. Immediate and almost immediate primitives.
- Primitive of rational functions are unfit. Initial value problems.
- Definite integral: definition, geometrical interpretation, Barrow formula.
- By parts method of primitive and integration.
- Applications of Integral Calculus: Calculation of mean value, flat areas, volumes of solids of revolution.

DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS (DE)

- Ordinary differential equations (ODE): classification, resolution of ODE of separable variables.
- Modeling problems.
- Resolution of ODE by method of integral factor.
- Second degree ODE.

NUMERICAL METHODS

- Solving nonlinear equations.
- Polynomial interpolation.
- Numerical integration.
- Numerical solving of ODE.

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - PHYSICS

**Academic Year**: 2020 / 2021

1st Year – 2nd Semester

Código UC nº 8522109

OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

The curricular unit of Physics aims to provide the students with tools for the scientific approach to a problem and simultaneously provide knowledge of the basic laws of Newtonian Mechanics.

At de and of the contact time the students would have acquired sufficient knowledge and practice in order to examine and evaluate, according with the principles and laws of Physics, situations that may occur in their daily lives.

When the have completed the curricular unit, students should be able to understand the concepts and physical principles learnt, meaning by understanding not only being able to articulate the concepts but to be able to apply them to a variety of practical problems.

PROGRAM CONTENTS

1. Introduction to Physics

2. Physics quantities

- 2.1. Fundamental and derived quantities
- 2.2. The international system
- 2.3. Significant figures

3. Kinematics of Material point

- 3.1. Kinematics in one dimension:
- 3.1.1. Concepts
- 3.1.2. Graphical analysis
- 3.1.3. Uniformly accelerated motion
- 3.1.4. Motion with Variable acceleration
- 3.2. Kinematics of 2 and 3 dimensions:
- 3.2.1. Concepts
- 3.2.2. Relative speed
- 3.2.3. Curvilinear motion
- 3.2.4. Motion Projectiles
- 3.2.5. Circular motion

4. Newton's laws

- 4.1. Newton's laws
- 4.2. Forces on Nature
- 4.2.1. Fundamental forces
- 4.2.2. Elastic forces
- 4.2.3. Tensions
- 4.2.4. Normal force
- 4.3. Force diagrams
- 4.4. Friction forces
- 4.5. Centripetal forces
- 4.6. Drag forces

5. Energy conservation

- 5.1. Wprk
- 5.2. Work-kinetic energy theorem
- 5.3. Potential energy
- 5.4. Conservation of mechanical energy
- 5.5. Energy conservation

6. Conservation of quantity of linear motion

- 6.1. center of mass
- 6.2. Conservation of linear momentum
- 6.3. Kinetic energy of a system
- 6.4. Collisions

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - CHEMISTRY II

**Academic Year**: 2020 / 2021

1st Year – 2nd Semester

Código UC nº 8522108

OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

Chemistry II has four goals: 1) Provide relevant information from a chemical standpoint on practical aspects related with the area of expertise; 2) Provide a wide-range view on fundamental chemical concepts; 3) Enhance the use of new technological learning tools; 4) Allow direct contact with reagents, techniques, and laboratory instruments.

The student should develop the following skills: 1) Deepen the understanding of matter constitution and the relationship between structure and properties; 2) Understand reaction aspects of chemical transformations; 3) Master gas laws and their use in the calculation of properties; 4) Recognize and make use of the relationships between research/experiment/observation and knowledge; 5) Communicate and explain experimental results using modern techniques and the theoretical concepts thought.

PROGRAM CONTENTS

1. Chemical Elements

- Orbital and electronic atom configuration
- Development, organization and systematization of the periodic table
- Periodic variation of element properties

2. Chemical Bonding

- Lewis notation. Chemical bond and octet rule
- Molecular geometry
- Polarity and electronegativity

3. Intermolecular Forces and Physical Properties of Matter

- Intermolecular forces
- Prediction of physical properties as a function of intermolecular forces. Miscibility

4. Gas State

- Pressure, ideal and real gases

5. Chemical Thermodynamics

- Enthalpy and entropy
- Thermochemistry. Heat of reaction, combustion, and explosions

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS

**Academic Year**: 2020 / 2021

1st Year – 2nd Semester

Código UC nº 8522110

OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

The Geographic Information Systems (GIS) curricular unit deals with the main competences that allow an integrated view of the principles and technologies of the area, providing students with the knowledge of the use and application of the most appropriate and current tools and techniques in the area of GIS, for solving geospatial problems from different perspectives.

At the end of the course unit the student should be able to:

- - Master the specific vocabulary;
- - Know the main coordinate systems used in national cartography;
- - Master the techniques of acquisition and representation of spatial data;
- - Build and provide thematic maps;
- - Master the processes and tools for storage and management of spatial data, spatial analysis and geographic modelling;
- - Collaborate in the development of innovative solutions applicable to energy, environmental and territory management;
- - Apply techniques of availability and access to information of a spatial nature.

PROGRAM CONTENTS

1. Introduction to geographic information systems

- a. The Cartographic Overview
- b. Coordinate Systems

2. Implementation of a GIS

3. Geographic Information Systems (QGIS software Version 3)

- a. Download and customizing the Tool
- b. Spatial Analysis: select
- i. Spatial Analysis Overview
- ii. Attribute Selection
- iii. Attribute Analysis
- iv. Spatial location selection
- c. Space Analysis: join
- i. Union by attributes
- ii. Join by spatial location
- d. Space Analysis: create
- i. Intersection
- ii. Merge and Add
- iii. Cut and Difference
- iv. Buffer
- v. Separate Vector Layers
- vi. Join Vector Layers
- vii. Statistic
- e. Create New Layers
- i. Create layers of different geometries
- ii. Digitization (vectorization)
- iii. Scanning Tools
- iv. Export Information to New Layers
- v. Create fields and update table
- vi. Import coordinate files
- f. Symbology and Composers

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT

**Academic Year**: 2020 / 2021

1st Year – 2nd Semester

Código UC nº 8522111

OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

The Environmental Impact curricular unit aims the development of knowledge on the subject in question, seeking to guarantee a solid formation in this scientific area, integrating the most recent developments, in theoretical, applied or methodological perspective.

This curricular unit covers fundamental concepts in the training of students in the area of environmental legislation, assessment and monitoring. This curricular unit covers topics related to the study of the main national legislation that frames, stipulates and regulates environmental assessment and environmental monitoring plans. In addition, using practical cases, it introduces the concepts, terms and practices related to the main parameters of environmental quality. This curricular unit aims to enable students to acquire basic knowledge on the subject in question, both in the assessment and monitoring of environmental impacts.

PROGRAM CONTENTS

1. Framework of the discipline

2. Environmental Legislation

3. Environmental Impact Assessment

- 3.1. Basic concepts and definitions
- 3.2. Framework and objectives
- 3.3. Main Products
- 3.4. Process Phases
- 3.5. Public participation

4. Monitoring and Mitigation of Environmental Impacts

5. Methodologies and techniques for identifying, predicting and evaluating environmental impacts

6. Environmental indicators

- 6.1. Air and water quality
- 6.2. Noise
- 6.3. Water resources
- 6.4. Ecology

7. Case study analysis

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - BIOENERGIES

**Academic Year**: 2020 / 2021

1st Year – 2nd Semester

Código UC nº 8522112

OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

This course unit enables the development of technical and technological competences within the framework of bioenergy and biorefineries, identifying and valuing the different types of biomass, biofuels and bioliquids and their respective energy uses, as well as the potential of some energy crops in terms of energy recovery.

This course unit aims to introduce general and specific concepts related to various types of Bioenergy, in order to provide an updated perspective of this theme.

It will provide relevant information about energy sources used in the primary sector, within the scope of renewable energies. It will also address the different sources of bioenergy, conversion processes, technologies and systems for energy generation, and their sustainability.

The student should be able to develop individual technical and technological competences related to the industries and services acting within the scope of energy production and management, in domains dealing with various areas, such as: Biomass and waste for energy generation; Conversion processes; Biofuels, including Hydrogen; Heat and power systems.

PROGRAM CONTENTS

1. INTRODUCTION

- 1.1 National and European Energy Strategies
- 1.2 Importance of the Bioenergy within the scope of Renewable Energies
- 1.3 Biomass
- 1.3.1 Definitions and general concepts
- 1.3.2 Types of biomass and characterization
- 1.3.3 Biomass End-Use
- 1.3.4 Production, Collecting and Processing

2. FUNDAMENTAL ASPECTS OF BIOMASS CONVERSION INTO ENERGY

- 2.1 Thermochemical and biochemical Energy Production
- 2.2 The Concept of Biorefinery
- 2.3 Thermal Power Stations
- 2.4 Combined Heat and Power Production
- 2.5 Biomass Conversion into Biofuels
- 2.5.1 Solid Biofuels
- 2.5.2 Liquid Biofuels
- 2.5.3 Gaseous Biofuels

3. ENERGY PLANTATIONS

- 3.1 Production of Potential Biomass
- 3.2 Types of Energy Plantations: Energy Farms and Forestry Plantations
- 3.3 Utilizations of Feedstocks obtained from Energy Plantations
- 3.4 Production, Collecting and Processing
- 3.5 Environmental and Socio-economic Impact of Energy Plantations
- 3.6 Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
- 3.6.1 Sustainability Index
- 3.6.2 Methodologies (Standards and Procedures)
- 3.6.3 Energy Balance of Energy Plantations
- 3.6.4 Advantages and Drawbacks

4. FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF SUSTAINABILITY ASSESSMENT IN BIOENERGY

- 4.1 Resource Availability
- 4.2 Sustainability Criteria
- 4.3 Certification of Biofuels

5. CASE STUDIES AND APPLICATIONS

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - MATHEMATICS III

**Academic Year**: 2020 / 2021

2nd Year – 1st Semester

Código UC nº 8522113

OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

This Mathematics curricular unit (CU) aims to obtain the fundamental knowledge of differential and integral multivariable calculus, understood as skills necessary to formulate and solve problems in the scope of engineering.

PROGRAM CONTENTS

- - Correct use of vocabulary and mathematical symbology;
- - Correct domain of calculation of determinants and their properties;
- - Domain in the calculation of values and proper vectors of a matrix and its applications;
- - Correct domain of the calculation in R, namely the differential and integral calculus;
- - Interpretation and critique of the results in the context of the problem;
- - Communication of concepts, reasoning and ideas with clarity and logical rigor.

1- Determinants

- 1.1. Definition, calculation and properties of the determinant
- 1.2. Principal determinant method. Laplace's theorem.
- 1.3. Calculation of the inverse matrix from the attached one.
- 1.4. Rule of Cramer, Rouché Theorem

2. Values and eigenvectors of an endomorphism

- 2.1. Definition
- 2.2. Characteristic polynomial
- 2.3. Calculation of the values and eigenvectors of a matrix
- 2.4. Diagonalization

3. Differential calculation in R

- 3.1. Introduction to R
- 3.2. Scalar, partial derivatives, directional and gradient fields
- 3.3. Hessian matrix and stationarity points

4. Integrals in R

- 4.1. Representation, parameterization and domain of scalar fields
- 4.2. Double integrals of scalar fields. Fubini's theorem
- 4.3. Change of limits of integration and of variable in double integrals
- 4.4 Triple integrals of scalar fields

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - PHYSICS II

**Academic Year**: 2020 / 2021

2nd Year – 1st Semester

Código UC nº 8522114

OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

The discipline of Physics II aims to provide students with tools for the scientific approach to a problem and at the same time to teach the concepts of applied Solids and Fluids Mechanics as well as Thermodynamics. The unit is designed to be a continuation of Physics l taught in the previous semester, which was an introduction to the study of physics with the foundations of mechanics.

At the end of the contact time the students should have sufficient knowledge and practice in order to examine and evaluate situations that occur in their daily lives, according to the principles and laws of physics.

When they have completed the curricular unit, students should be able to understand the concepts and physical principles taught, meaning by understanding not only being able to articulate them but also to be able to apply them to a variety of practical problems

PROGRAM CONTENTS

1. ROTATION

- 1.1 Angular Kinematics
- 1.2. Moment of inertia
- 1.3. Newton's second law
- 1.4 Angular momentum
- 1.5 Torque

2. STATIC EQUILIBRIUM

- 2.1 Equilibrium
- 2.2 Elasticity
- 2.3 Flexibility
- 2.4 Torsion
- 2.5 Compressibility

3. FLUID'S STATIC

- 3.1 Pressure
- 3.2 Pascal's principle
- 3.3 Boyle-Mariotte's Law
- 3.4 Archimedean Principle
- 3.5 Compressibility

4 FLUID’S DYNAMIC

- 4.1 Steady flow
- 4.2 Bernoulli's Theorem
- 4.3 Torricelli's Theorem
- 4.4 Viscosity
- 4.5 Flow Regimes

5. INTERMOLECULAR FORCES

- 5.1 Intermolecular forces
- 5.2 Surface tension
- 5.3 Capillarity

6. KINETIC THEORY OF GASES

- 6.1 Thermal equilibrium
- 6.2 Absolute scale
- 6.3 Kinetic theory

7. FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

- 7.1 Thermal Capacity
- 7.2 Change of Phase
- 7.3 Work and the PV diagram

8. SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

- 8.1 Thermal Machines
- 8.2 Coolers
- 8.3 Thermal Pumps

9. THERMAL PROCESSES

- 9.1 thermal expansion
- 9.2 Phase diagrams
- 9.3 Heat transfer

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS

**Academic Year**: 2020 / 2021

2nd Year – 1st Semester

Código UC nº 8522115

OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

With this curricular unit (CU) students should get fluent in descriptive, analytical and inferential statistical analysis, using hypothesis testing (parametric and non-parametric) in decision support and developing critical sense in the analysis of the results obtained. This CU also aims at illustrating the most important concepts about Probability, Combinatory and Reliability.

At the end of this CU students should have the following skills:

- - determine the probability of an event
- - identify and select a sample of a given population
- - develop the capacity of processing and data analysis
- - critically apply statistical methods in different contexts
- - formulate and test hypotheses, choosing the most appropriate hypothesis testing to decision-making
- - use a statistical computer tool
- - critically analysis indicators and statistical parameters
- - compare different approaches

PROGRAM CONTENTS

STATISTICS

- Population and sample
- Sampling techniques
- Measurement scales
- Data treatment; outliers

DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS

- Measures of central tendency, dispersion and position
- Frequency distribution; histograms, charts, and contingency tables
- PROBABILITY
- Introduction and fundamental concepts
- Counting techniques
- Definition of probability
- Conditional probability and Independence
- Law of total probabilities and Bayes’ Theorem
- Important discrete and continuous distributions

INFERENTIAL STATISTICAL

- Estimation and confidence intervals
- Hypothesis testing
- Parametric and non-parametric tests
- Comparison of averages: Student's t-test
- Chi-square test
- Correlation
- Linear regression

COMPUTER DATA PROCESSING

- Introduction to Excel

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - ELECTRICITY

**Academic Year**: 2020 / 2021

2nd Year – 1st Semester

Código UC nº 8522116

OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

The Electricity Curricular Unit has 5 objectives:

- 1) provide relevant information in the area of electricity.
- 2) provide expertise on issues related to area of expertise.
- 3) provide tools for analysis and design of electrical circuit.
- 4) to provide direct contact with electrical components and instrumentation on laboratory.
- 5) provide a general understanding about booth generation system and power distribution systems.

The student should develop the following skills:

- 1) understand the main features of the electrical systems
- 2) know the calculations of electrical circuit analysis
- 3) to know the electrical power and electrical equipment associated with the generation
- 4) communicate and explain the sources of power generation, circuit analysis and electrical equipment connected to power generation, making use of the theoretical aspects and expertise acquired out in the laboratory
- 5) communicate and explain generation, transformation and distribution of electrical power.

PROGRAM CONTENTS

1. Fundamentals of electricity

- - fundamental theory of electricity
- - terminology
- - types of components

2. Direct current

- - characteristics
- - power sources and linear components
- - ideal vs. Real components
- - Ohm's law
- - linear components associations

3. Resistive networks

- - circuit analysis methods
- - Kirchoff's laws
- - Norton and Thévenins theorems
- - superposition theorem
- - power and principle of energy conservation

4. Alternating current

- - sinusoidal waves
- - main concepts and characteristics
- - AC circuits

5. Inductive circuits

- - coils
- - characteristics and inductive circuits analysis
- - time response

6. Capacitive circuits

- - capacitors
- - characteristics and capacitive circuits analysis
- - time response

7. RLC circuits

- - impedance and complex power calculation
- - RLC circuits characteristics and analysis
- - time and frequency response
- - filters
- - power factor compensation

8. Electric machines

- - transformers
- - DC generators and motors
- - AC generators and motors

9. Aircraft power generation and distribution systems

- - principles, standards, electrical systems installations and maintenance
- - Power conversion and distribution

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - WIND POWER

**Academic Year**: 2020 / 2021

2nd Year – 1st Semester

Código UC nº 8522116

OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

“Wind Energy” has three objectives:

- 1- Additional scientific training with expertise that enable the understanding of all inherent of the use of wind power;
- 2- Provide technical expertise, methodologies and procedures necessary for the design, planning, building and operation of equipment and production systems for usable energy from wind;
- 3- Enable the review of projects in the field of wind energy, the views of technical, economic and environmental.

The student should develop the following Skills:

- 1- Understanding the phenomenology of the formation and distribution of winds;
- 2- Understanding the operating principles of the different types of conversion and utilization of wind energy;
- 3- Knowing in detail the operation of equipment converters and systems, especially wind turbines;
- 4- Learn to define, measure and evaluate applications (projects) on the slopes, technical, economic and environmental;
- 5- Learn to take care of establishment and operation of practical applications.

PROGRAM CONTENTS

- 1. Introduction; utilization wind energy - historical development of wind farms.
- 2. the wind potential: atmospheric flow; kinetic energy of the wind; selection of sites with usable wind potential. Experimental campaigns wind measurement – measurement techniques, sensors and recording equipment. Methods of assessing the wind potential – classical method; statistical distributions of the wind; Characterization of ground roughness and obstacles; Models of assessment of wind potential.
- 3. Energy conversion: Wind Turbine; main feature; principles operation; models of turbines; features and components; estimated energy production - useful energy; wind power; power curve; Betz limit; Relevant aerodynamic parameters; application criteria; wind farms – Types of Parks - Onshore; offshore; sizing and specification of wind farms; evaluation criteria; operation and maintenance of wind farms - general notions.
- 4. Standards and specifications - more relevant in the wind sector.
- 5. Mini and Microgeneration win: Applications. Technical viability
- 6. Legal framework – legal documents with more relevant in the wind sector
- 7. Environmental analysis – main incidences in wind Farms in the 3 phases - installation, operation and dismanteling.

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENTS TOOLS

**Academic Year**: 2020 / 2021

2nd Year – 1st Semester

Código UC nº 8522118

OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

Theory and tools for the definition and implementation of environmental management systems, which includes resource management and costs associated to the value chain of a product and / or service. Use of management instruments at the level of product or service, or at corporate level and information on existing sustainability indexes in the market, associated requirements and the value they represent to investors.

In addition, convey the relevant role that environmental management tools have on the management of resources and costs associated to the value chain of a product and / or service, as well as the impact it has on the reputation of a trade mark or enterprise. Various models and will be presented related to various applications and the students will be involved in the formulation of environmental strategies. promoting the debate regarding on these issues based on specific projects and case studies.

The student should be able to develop skills individual competences related to the utilization of quality and environmental management tools as well as communication skills related to an active participation in projects interaction with various stakeholders, assuming continuous improvement at all times with regard to efficiency, efficacy and image in actions taken.

PROGRAM CONTENTS

1. Introduction

- 1.1. Scope and relevance of Environmental Management Systems
- 1.2. Environmental Management Tools: fundamentals aspects and definitions
- 1.3. Instruments used in Environmental Management
- 1.4. Footprint
- 1.4.1. Ecological footprint
- 1.4.2. Water Footprint
- 1.4.3. Carbon Footprint

2. Sustainable production and consumption

- 2.1. Definition
- 2.2. Resource management - Eco-efficiency
- 2.3. market and fiscal Instruments
- 2.4. management at the Product and the service level
- 2.5. Ecodesign
- 2.6. Eco-label
- 2.7. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)

3. Environmental Management Systems

- 3.1. Basic principles
- 3.2. Aspects related to standards
- 3.3. Corporate Management
- 3.4. Communication
- 3.5. Marketing

4. Indicators and Sustainability

- 4.1. Sustainability reports
- 4.2. Social responsability
- 4.3. Indicators
- 4.3.1. “KPI” - Key Performance Index
- 4.3.2. Market Sustainability Indexes
- 4.3.3. Dow Jones Sustainability Index
- 4.3.4. “FTSE4” - Good Sustainability Index
- 4.3.5. “SAM” - Corporate Susteinability Assessment

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - ELECTRONICS, CONTROL AND AUTOMATION

**Academic Year**: 2020 / 2021

2nd Year – 2nd Semester

Código UC nº 8522119

OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

The course of Electronics Control and Automation has six objectives:

- 1) to provide relevant information in the area of basic electronic and control systems.
- 2) to introduce to the student’s general concepts of control and automation systems.
- 3) to provide specific knowledge on issues related to the area of expertise.
- 4) to provide tools for analysis of electronic components.
- 5) to provide direct contact with electronic components, control systems and instrumentation on laboratory.
- 6) to provide general knowledge about both electronic and control systems used on aircraft.

The student should develop the following skills:

- 1) to understand the main features of the electronic components and control systems.
- 2) to understand how different architectures of control system work and how they can be dimensioned.
- 3) to know the calculations of electronic component circuit analysis.
- 4) to know the applications of electronic components and control systems.
- 5) to communicate and to explain electronic component circuits analysis, making use of the theoretical aspects and the experience gained in the laboratory.
- 6) to communicate and explain both electronic and control systems used on aircraft.

PROGRAM CONTENTS

1. RLC circuits

- 1.1 Circuit discrete components
- 1.2. Circuit analysis methods
- 1.2.1. Kirchoff's laws
- 1.2.2. Superposition method
- 1.3. Passive filters
- 1.4. Time Response

2. The Operational Amplifiers (OPAMPs)

- 2.1. The ideal model and the real model
- 2.2. Introduction to operation and function
- 2.3. The usual types of circuits
- 2.3.1. Introduction to the feedback concept
- 2.4. Active filters

3. Electronic components

- 3.1. The physical structure of semiconductor
- 3.2. Diodes
- 3.2.1. Diode Models
- 3.2.2. Zener diode
- 3.2.3. Light-emitting diode (LED)
- 3.2.4. Circuits using diodes
- 3.3 Transistors
- 3.3.1. Bipolar Junction Transistors
- 3.3.2. BJT Circuits
- 3.4. Integrated circuits

4. Control Systems

- 4.1. The dynamics
- 4.2. Control of Systems
- 4.3. Classical controllers
- 4.4. Types and characteristics of controllers
- 4.5. Servomechanisms

5. Automation

- 5.1. Cable automation
- 5.2. Automaton structure
- 5.3. Interface technologies
- 5.4. Programming languages

6. Processors and Microcontrollers

- 6.1. General concepts processors
- 6.2. Applications
- 6.3. Arduino applications

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - APPLIED THERMODYNAMICS

**Academic Year**: 2020 / 2021

2nd Year – 2nd Semester

Código UC nº 8522120

OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

This course aims to preparation of the students for the comprehension of complex systems they will operate, fly and maintain during their professional life, in areas of renewable energies environment and heat systems. The course introduces and applies the fundamental concepts of classical macroscopic thermodynamics:

- 1. the study of the thermodynamically properties and energy conversion processes in physical systems;
- 2. the behavior of pure compressible substances in thermodynamic systems;
- 3. the 1
^{st}and 2^{nd}law of thermodynamics applied to closed and open systems; - 4. the analysis of heat engine cycles, heat pumps and refrigerators;
- 5. differences between ideal power cycles and real cycles found in Industry.

Satisfactory completing of the course should demonstrate that students have acquired the ability to study any thermodynamic cycle; to apply their knowledge to common situations; to solve problems with analytical and critical attitude.

PROGRAM CONTENTS

1. Fundamental Concepts:

- - open, closed and isolated systems
- - properties
- - equilibrium states
- - state postulate
- - processes and cycles
- - pressure
- - temperature and zero law of thermodynamics
- - thermal expansion of solids and liquids

2. Properties of a substance:

- - pure substance
- - phases and phase changes
- - surface p, v, T
- - tables of property
- - equation of state for an ideal gas
- - real gases: compressibility factor and equations of state

3. 1^{st} law of thermodynamics:

- - forms of energy
- - heat and work
- - specific heats and latent heats; calorimetry
- - 1
^{st}law of thermodynamics for closed systems - - mechanisms of heat transfer

4- 1^{s}t law of thermodynamics for control volumes

- - mass rate balance
- - energy rate balance for control volumes
- - the 1
^{st}law of thermodynamics for control volumes at steady state - - example of engineering instruments that work at steady state

5- 2^{nd} law of thermodynamics

- - heat sources, heat engines, refrigerators and heat pump
- - the 2
^{nd}law of thermodynamics. Statements of Kelvin-Planck and Clausius - - irreversible and reversible transformations
- - Carnot's theorem. Thermodynamic temperature scale
- - Carnot cycle

6- Power cycles

- - key considerations in the analysis of power cycles
- - Stirling and Ericsson cycles
- - Brayton cycle
- - ideal jet propulsion cycles

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - CLIMATE CHANGE AND SUSTAINABILITY

**Academic Year**: 2020 / 2021

2nd Year – 2nd Semester

Código UC nº 8522122

OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

This course aims to enable students to acquire basic knowledge about environment problems and climate change in a sustainable development perspective. Identify the origins of these problems and mitigation, measures, adaptation and resilience of human communities from the perspective of economic development, social equity and environmental protection.

The course aims to meet the needs of multidisciplinary training in the environmental area, sensitizing students to the main phenomena that arise as a result of human activities.

Students should acquire skills to be able to identify, characterize and relate the main environmental problems at global, regional and national scale, including the state of the art about the phenomena of climate change, its causes, consequences, mitigation measures, adaptation and resilience within a perspective of sustainability and efficiency of natural resources and energy.

PROGRAM CONTENTS

1. Framework of the discipline

2. Identification of the Major Environmental Problems

3. Sustainable development

4. Major environmental International and National Policies

- 4.1. Law on Environment
- 4.2. National and European Strategy

5. Quality and Air Pollution

- 5.1. Origin and identification of key air pollutants
- 5.2. Acid rain
- 5.3. Ozone Layer
- 5.4. Main Legislation

6. Quality and Water Pollution

- 6.1. Origin and identification of the key water pollutants
- 6.2. Water resource management
- 6.3. Legislation

7. Waste Management and Soil Contamination

- 7.1. Classification and typology of waste
- 7.2. legislation
- 7.3. Waste management

8. Biodiversity

- 8.1. Causes of loss biodiversity and species extinction
- 8.2. Areas with protection status in Portugal
- 8.3. legislation

9. Climate change

- 9.1. Framework, concepts and definitions
- 9.2. Greenhouse effect
- 9.3. sources and sinks CO
_{2} - 9.4. The science of climate change
- 9.4. National, European and international commitments
- 9.5. National Climate Change Programme and National Low Carbon Roadmap
- 9.6. Adaptation, mitigation and resilience measure

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - HYDROELECTRIC POWER

**Academic Year**: 2020 / 2021

2nd Year – 2nd Semester

Código UC nº 8522123

OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

The curricular unit aims to demonstrate the great importance of the hydro and ocean resources for electric power generation.

The use of the hydro resource for power generation is widely implemented and contributes with an important share on the electricity produced by renewable sources. The ocean resource, which includes tidal and wave phenomena, is a renewable source which started being explored in recent years and stands in the initial stage of systems development and testing.

The evaluation and quantification of the available resource (hydro and ocean) and the sizing of the systems according to the technological constraints, that are capable of delivering the best possible conversion efficiency, are the key objectives of the curricular unit.

The present curricular unit tackles two types of hydrokinetic power generation: one more strongly based on current engineering practice, using river and lake potential; other now emerging using ocean potential (waves and tides).

The program Emphasis one unique type of renewable energy by its abundance, storing facility and operation as well as its fast deliver to the consuming network. General concepts of hydraulics and hydrology are presented as basic scientific modules for further development under hydropower framework, as well as sustainability guidelines that should stand as constrains along with economical analysis.

In this way the user of this hydro-energy unit gather enabling him to mobilize each site`s available yield into power generation economically optimized according to environmental contrains.

PROGRAM CONTENTS

- 1. Introduction to Hydrology
- 2. Hydrostatic
- 3. Energy
- 4. Energy generation in fluvial Systems
- 5. Maritime hydraulics
- 6. Energy generation in marine Systems

#### CURRICULAR UNIT - NATURAL RESOURCE EFFICENCY

**Academic Year**: 2020 / 2021

2nd Year – 2nd Semester

Código UC nº 8522124

OBJECTIVES AND COMPETENCES TO BE DEVELOPED

Upon completion of the curricular unit, the student will have reliably demonstrated the ability to use and / or understand:

- - the main concepts, ideas and challenges related to the sustainability and efficient use of natural resources;
- - national and EU policy priorities and guidelines for sustainability and efficient use of natural resources;
- - methodologies and common indicators for assessing resource efficiency and sustainability performance in key sectors of economy, namely in the energy sector;
- - strategies and common approaches to sustainable and integrated management of natural resources.

PROGRAM CONTENTS

1. concepts and Key ideas

- What is a resource? Efficiency vs. Efficacy, natural resource, the question of technology, production, resource productivity, economic efficiency, ecological efficiency, economy or Economies?, circular economy(ies), dematerialization and decarbonization of economy(ies), economic materialism and idealism, the question of objective vs. subjective value in economics, natural limits to the economic concept of efficiency, sustainability, sustainable development, sustainable de growth, degrowthism, de-development, mystical economy?

2. Types of natural resources, their abundance, quality and location

- - Types of natural resources, the question of renewable resource
- - Abundance, quality and location of natural resources; reserves, technogycal development and the availability of natural resources;
- - Models for depletion and management of natural resources.

3. The European roadmap for the efficient use of natural resources

- - Sustainable consumption and production
- - waste into resources Transformation
- - Research and innovation
- - Environmentally harmful subsidies and correct pricing practices

4. Natural capital and ecosystem services

- - Ecosystem services; the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment project and its results for Portugal; the problem of “asymmetric inclusion” in the assessment and valuation of ecosystem services: the example of forests
- - Biodiversity
- - Minerals and metals
- - Water
- - Air
- - Lands and soils
- - Marine resources
- - Extraterrestrial material resources?

5. Priority and key sectors

- - Food, housing and mobility
- - State, enterprise, research and cooperation
- - New approaches to resource efficient
- - Circular economy: reduce, reuse, recycle, replace, safeguard, enhance
- - Energy, food industry and buildings